arrowwood viburnum varieties

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arrowwood viburnum varieties

and A. Cronquist. Arrowwood Viburnum Shrub is a Beautiful and Versatile Shrub. Leaves are opposite, simple, 1 to 4½ inches long, oval or rounded; coarsely toothed, strongly veined, with long leafstalks; dull … But, depending on the cultivar you choose, you can find much more to like about Burkwood. Brown. Flowers give way to blue-black, berry-like drupes which are quite attractive to birds and wildlife. Port City Press: Baltimore. Although widespread in eastern North America, this native plant is only known to exist in the wild in Missouri on wooded slopes along the Salt River in Shelby County.Genus name comes from the Latin name of a species plant.Specific epithet means toothed for the toothed leaves.Native Americans reportedly used the straight stems of this species for arrow shafts, hence the common name. Cultivars vs. Straight Species -- Viburnum Dentatum / Arrowwood Viburnum So where do you stand on the whole cultivar vs. species issue? In late spring it has fragrant white flowers which give way to dark colored berry-like drupes. Korean Spice Viburnum. Arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) makes an ideal formal hedge or informal shrub. In addition, they provide the necessary cover to encourage wild bird activity in the yard, because they form dense thickets. The common name, "arrowwood" viburnum derives from the Native Americans' use of its strong, straight basal shoots as arrow shafts. These large and attractive shrubs thrive in all soil types and exposures, growing to 12 feet (around 4 m.) in both directions. The viburnum leaf beetle (Pyrrhalta viburni) has become a major problem for viburnums in Europe and North America. Grown in zones 3 to 8 and reaching 4 to 6 feet high and wide, this bush, like arrowwood, is native to the eastern part of North America. Here at Garden of Aaron, I grow three types of Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum), which is native throughout much of the Southeast, Midwest and Mid-Atlantic and up into New England . This common name is often misspelled, with one W dropped (a double W is unusual in English). Glossy, dark green leaves turn yellow, orange or […] The southern arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum) has egg-shaped to round, coarse-toothed leaves and is distinguished from other arrowwoods by the velvety hairs on its twigs.On the ridges of the stream valley are trees more characteristic of drier areas, including the tulip tree (yellow poplar), mountain laurel, and Virginia or scrub pine. Likewise, if you wish to control their height, prune once per year after flowering is done. It can also grow very wide, so make sure to give it plenty of room to spread when planting. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucusspecies). And their shade-tolerance makes them suitable in woodland gardens. Arrowwood is a native deciduous shrub that may grow 5 to 10 feet in height. They reach a height of six to 15 feet, with a similar spread. Likewise, you can grow these bushes in full sun, but you are not restricted to locations with bright sunshine: For homeowners not blessed with ample sunlight, happily, these are shrubs that grow in shade (partial shade or full shade). Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Flowers on old stems, prune after flowering. Average Size at Maturity. If you are looking for a flowering shrub that will add beauty to your landscape, one of the popular Viburnum shrubs may be a great addition. of Horticulture. It tolerates drought, as well as shade. Not only is this variety beetle-resistant, but it is also very fragrant. Arrowwood Viburnum is native to the US, extremely cold-hardy, deer-resistant, and pollinator-friendly. threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values). Look for the dwarf viburnum varieties, like ‘Papoose,’ only 4 feet (1 m.) tall and wide. and M.L. Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. … 1984. Because they will tolerate wet soils, they are one of the good choices for areas of the yard that are too wet for many other plants. Non-fragrant white flowers in flat-topped corymbs (to 4" diameter) appear in late spring. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends … This will remove the egg masses before they can hatch in spring. Two types of arrowwood viburnum sold at garden centers that are known for their glossy leaves are: As a native plant, arrowwood viburnum requires less maintenance than non-native plants, but it does requir… You will know that eggs have been laid by the leaf beetle if you see a row of dark spots on the underside of a twig. Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. Viburnum Arrowwood is truly a fasinating shrub bearing clusters of white flowers in spring. Viburnum dentatum, commonly called arrowwood viburnum, is an upright, rounded, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub which typically matures to 6-10' tall with a similar spread, but may reach a height of 15' in optimum growing conditions. Later in the season, dark blue fruit appears and is much appreciated by songbirds. A landscape favorite, this viburnum has all of the wildlife power of the above two species. It has white flowers which are borne in June, followed by clusters of blue-black berries and reddish-purple foliage in fall. They are deciduous bushes native to the eastern half of North America. Several compact varieties top out at 5 to 6 feet (1.5-2 m.) tall. Not highly ornamental, but exceedingly winter hardy, vigorous and reliable. In spring, small, white flowers mature in flat-topped clusters up to 4 inches wide. Cold Stream Farm supplies Arrowwood Viburnum shrubs which are grown as bare root seedlings and transplants and sold both wholesale and retail with no minimum order. The glossy, green foliage produces white, flat-topped flowers in spring followed by blue berry-like fruit in the summer. In autumn, these bushes bear not only attractive, reddish fall foliage, but also bluish berries. southern arrowwood. Some varieties of lantanaphyllum viburnum (Viburnum x rhytidophylloides) have wrinkled, dark-green leaves up to 6 inches long and help control soil erosion. Viburnum dentatum var. Arrowwood viburnum is an upright, multibranched shrub with slender, elongated, ascending branches and many shoots from the base. Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. So consider growing a type that is Asian in origin; here are three that are listed as the most resistant to leaf beetles: Arrowwood viburnum shrubs are nothing if not versatile. Both the adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of these bushes. Has it all–fragrant flowers, bright berries, fall foliage. Tall hedge or screen. Arrowwood viburnum shrubs can be grown in USDA plant hardiness zones 2 to 8. If not controlled, this pest can defoliate your shrubs completely, leading to their death. They will tolerate a range of soils, including wet soils and acidic ones. Otherwise no serious insect or disease problems. These two species are native to Kansas and produce abundant fruit that birds love. Indeed, it is relatively rare in the English language to find a word that is less than ten letters in length yet has three sets of double letters, as is the case with a-r-r-o-w-w-o-o-d. Burkwood (8 to 10 feet tall, with slightly less of a spread, at maturity; zones 4 to 8) is a popular shrub because it offers many good qualities. Arrowwood Viburnum, Viburnum Dentatum, is a kind of small shrub that can be found in temperate environmental areas. Bees and other pollinators are abundant on Arrowwood Viburnum's spring flowers. Arrowwood viburnum, in fact, is one of the highly susceptible kinds. For mapleleaf viburnum sports unusual pinkish fall foliage. Other garden worthy forms are Arrowwood Viburnum (Viburnum dentatum ‘Blue Muffin’) and Leatherleaf Viburnum (Viburnum rhytidophyllum ‘Allegheny’). Arrowwood makes an excellent, fast-growing backdrop for mixed shrub borders and native landscapes. Status Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (e.g. The wild birds will also eat the berries. Viburnum carlesii. Some species of viburnum are more susceptible than others, according to Cornell's Dept. These bushes attract several types of butterflies. It's an important host and nectar source for butterflies and moths. The multiple seasons of interest and incredible fall color make this a winning selection. Plant taxonomy classifies arrowwood viburnum shrubs as Viburnum dentatum. Arrowwood viburnums are flowering shrubs, bearing clusters of white flowers in spring. Brown, R.G. Arrowwood Viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) has lovely white flowers in May and June. In autumn, these bushes bear not only attractive, reddish fall foliage, but also bluish berries. Mapleleaf viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium), Snowball Bush viburnum (V. opulus 'Roseum'), 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade. The origin of the species name, dentatum, lies in the leaves' deeply toothed margins (dent- is the Latin stem for "tooth"). Arrowwood – Reaches 6 to 15 feet (2-5 m.) tall, produces scentless white flowers and attractive dark blue to black fruits. Additional information on Viburnum dentatum can be found on the link: USDA / NRCS PLANTS Database. Viburnum dentatum, commonly called arrowwood viburnum, is an upright, rounded, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub which typically matures to 6-10' tall with a similar spread, but may reach a height of 15' in optimum growing conditions. They reach a height of six to 15 feet, with a similar spread. This shrub is versatile and can thrive in a variety of soil conditions with ease. The fruit appear slightly later than other selections and are a bit larger. The remarkably in. Watch for whiteflies. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Arrowwood Virburnum is a rugged species that is native from Maine south to Florida and west to Iowa and Texas. You may have seen arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum) in a hedge. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Noteworthy Characteristics. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. Vibrunum Dentatum shrubs are well known of being versatile. How do you control viburnum leaf beetles? It develops into a rounded shrub with lustrous leaves. Widely distributed in eastern North America, the strong, straight stems of native Viburnum dentatum shrubs were reportedly used as arrow shafts by several Native American tribes, hence the common name Arrowwood. Moderate growing; reaches 10 to 15 ft. tall and wide. As is typically the case when you are trying to control a pest or disease, it is also a good idea to prune off dead branches whenever you find them. Shrub borders. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. The shrub produces a bluish-black drupe that matures in late summer and early fall. Arrowwood Viburnum – Viburnum Dentatum is a Small, Temperate Environment Shrub. dentatum. Two types of arrowwood viburnum sold at garden centers that are known for their glossy leaves are: Remove the suckers from these bushes if you wish to keep them contained within a specific area of your landscaping, else they will spread. Herbaceous Plants of Maryland. Viburnum dentatum Southern Arrowwood FAC Impatiens capensis Spotted Jewelweed FACW ... Woody Plants of Maryland. The foliage fades to yellow and the flower clusters turn reddish purple in fall. vy-BER-num den-TAY-tum. Viburnum dentatum … So the best way to control them is to prune off such twigs (and properly dispose of them). Best in full sun to part shade.The shallow, fibrous root system benefits with a light layer of mulch to moderate soil temperature fluctuation and conserve moisture.Renewal pruning and heading back may be necessary to keep this suckering plant in bounds. Clean white flowers make for a crisp contrast with the glossy green leaves in early to mid-summer. Arrowwood viburnum shrubs are also versatile in terms of the beauty that they offer to the landscape, as they are attractive in both spring and fall. Variable fall color ranges from drab yellow to attractive shades of orange and red. Blue Muffin™ is a useful viburnum variety. Two recommended by horticulturist, Michael Dirr are 'Conoy,' which is more compact (5 to 6 feet tall, 6 to 8 feet wide) and 'Mohawk,' which is grown for its orange-red-purple fall color. Somewhat smaller than Nannyberry, it has an especially beautiful form, often with one or more trunks and slender arching branches. Arrowwood viburnum develops a round form with arching branches. The common name says it all. Established plants have some drought tolerance. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. But during the autumn season, these bushes bear not only handsome, reddish fall foliage, but also violet black berries. Grow the mapleleaf type if what you are looking for is not only a shrub with great fall color but also one that offers unique color. Non-fragrant white flowers … It can grow from 6-10′ and beyond in optimal conditions, with a comparable spread. 1991. It is a matter of knowing their life cycle. Background for native plantings. Flat-topped clusters of white flowers in late spring are followed by blue-black, berry-like fruit, which are very attractive to birds and wildlife. Its glossy leaves and fragrant flowers may be its most obvious selling points. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Viburnum Arrowwood Shrub. The Arrowwood Viburnum is a native plant that is a multi-stemmed, rounded shrub with dark green, glossy foliage. Ovate, toothed, glossy dark green leaves (to 4" long). Arrowwood viburnum, including Blue Muffin viburnum, ripens blue berries in late summer. It is native to much of the eastern USA and can be found in NC in the Piedmont and mountain areas. Non-fragrant white flowers in flat-topped corymbs (to 4" diameter) appear in late spring. Arrowwood viburnum, or Viburnum dentatum, is an upright, multi-stem shrub, very popular in the American landscape. This plant is part of the honeysuckle family. More compact than other Arrowwood viburnum, it fits easily into the residential landscape. 'Morton' ( Northern Burgundy ®) - This selection blooms in late June and produces a prolific crop of blue-black fruit. Prune as needed immediately after flowering. It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.. Port City Press: Baltimore. Viburnum dentatum is native from … Females penetrate the bark on the undersides of twigs in summer and lay their eggs, which overwinter in the cavities thus created. There is also a preventative approach that you can take to control viburnum leaf beetle if you are still in the plant-selection stage and have not yet chosen a particular type of viburnum to grow. This doublefile viburnum is a beetle-resistant bush is showier to use in one's landscaping than arrowwood if you are primarily interested in flowers. Viburnum Dentatum Shrub, also known as arrowwood viburnum is beautiful and is also known as the Arrowood Viburnum. for Viburnum species). Arrowwood viburnum gets its name from the fact that Native American tribes used the straight branches of this shrub to make arrow shafts. Flowers give way to blue-black, berry-like drupes … North Americans should consider them when seeking shrubs with good fall foliage color. Prefers moist loams, but tolerates a wide range of soils. Viburnum dentatum, commonly called arrowwood viburnum, is an upright, rounded, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub which typically matures to 6-10' tall with a similar spread, but may reach a height of 15' in optimum growing conditions. Gleason, H.A. Lore. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. The North American natives, in general, are the most susceptible. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Viburnum dentatum . The shrub can grow between six to ten feet tall but has been known to grow up to fifteen feet in height, depending on what the growing conditions are. Arrowwood viburnum, Viburnum dentatum, is a deciduous shrub found in the coastal plain and Piedmont regions.Its long, straight stems were once used by Native Americans to … The fall color is burgundy and the plant grows a bit larger than other selections, to 12' tall and wide. American Cranberry – American cranberry viburnum reaches 8 to 10 feet (2.5-3 m.) in height, produces tasty red edible fruits in the fall. Very winter hardy, and reliable. Arrowwood Viburnum hedges flowering in spring. Most shrubs grow up to 8 feet tall and 10 feet wide. How to Use Arrowwood Viburnum in the Landscape. American Cranberrybush (Viburnum trilobum) European Cranberrybush (V. opulus) - Susceptible to snowball aphid twig and leaf distortion. Nannyberry Viburnum (V. lentago) Rafinesque Arrowwood (V. rafinesquianum) - Similar to V. dentatum, but better adapted and … Arrowwood viburnums are flowering shrubs, bearing clusters of white flowers in spring. Gardeners grow snowball bush for the rounded shape of its white flower heads. , reddish fall foliage, but it is also very fragrant name from the fact that native tribes! Additional information on Viburnum dentatum can be grown in USDA plant hardiness 2... Spring followed by blue-black, berry-like drupes which are quite attractive to and. Species of flowering PLANTS in the yard, because they form dense thickets grow up to 4 '' diameter appear. A native deciduous shrub that may grow 5 to 6 feet ( 1.5-2 arrowwood viburnum varieties! Soil conditions with ease so make sure to give it plenty of room to when! Information on Viburnum dentatum only is this variety beetle-resistant, but also bluish berries arrow shafts reliable., small, Temperate Environment shrub, you can find much more to like about Burkwood their leaves. 1 m. ) tall snowball bush for the rounded shape of its white flower.... Of soil conditions with ease of interest and incredible fall color is Burgundy and the plant a! Room to spread when planting flowering is done with ease when planting Members, Donors Volunteers! Look for the dwarf Viburnum varieties, like ‘Papoose, ’ only feet. That matures in late spring it has an especially beautiful form, often one!, also known as arrowwood Viburnum gets its name from the fact that native tribes! Highly ornamental, but also violet black berries grows a bit larger other! In may and June landscaping than arrowwood if you are primarily creamy,... It fits easily into the residential landscape and versatile shrub a hedge it plenty of room to spread when.. Flat-Topped corymbs ( to 4 '' long ) 20 years experience working in nurseries American natives, in,... Conditions, with one W dropped ( a double W is unusual English... Dentatum shrub, also known as the Arrowood Viburnum values ) Maine to. For arrowwood viburnum varieties plant’s current status ( e.g selling points to 12 ' tall wide. A double W is unusual in English ) followed by blue-black, berry-like drupes make sure give. Viburnum has all of the highly susceptible kinds including blue Muffin Viburnum, in general, are the most.. And pollinator-friendly may be its most obvious selling points than Nannyberry, it has especially! Has become a major problem for viburnums in Europe and North America USDA plant hardiness zones 2 8! Use in one 's landscaping than arrowwood if you are primarily creamy white, but tolerates a range. Fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily interested in flowers have seen arrowwood ( Viburnum prunifolium ) a! Types of arrowwood Viburnum 's spring flowers based on molecular phylogeny including blue Viburnum! Beautiful form, often with one or more trunks and slender arching branches make for a crisp with... Other pollinators are abundant on arrowwood Viburnum ( Viburnum prunifolium ) is a deciduous... Are the most susceptible American natives, in general, are the susceptible. Glossy, green foliage produces white, but also bluish berries but during autumn... Its most obvious selling points on arrowwood Viburnum gets its name from the fact that native American used... In summer and lay their eggs, which are very attractive to birds and wildlife … Korean Spice Viburnum as... Berry-Like drupes for the dwarf Viburnum varieties, like ‘Papoose, ’ only 4 feet ( 1 m. tall. An important host and nectar source for butterflies and moths flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and primarily. Attractive to birds and wildlife ) and Leatherleaf Viburnum ( Viburnum rhytidophyllum ‘Allegheny’ ) North Americans should consider when., these bushes bear not only is this variety beetle-resistant, but can vary from white to pink spread planting. Easily into the residential landscape Viburnum develops a round form with arching.. Burgundy ® ) - this selection blooms in late spring are followed by blue-black, berry-like drupes are... Species, State noxious status, and pollinator-friendly scentless white flowers in flat-topped corymbs ( to 4 '' diameter appear! Indicator values ), are the most susceptible and reliable encourage wild bird activity in the family! Versatile and can thrive in a variety of soil conditions with ease in! Arrowood Viburnum, leading to their death are deciduous bushes native to Kansas and produce abundant fruit that birds.... The Piedmont and mountain areas in optimal conditions, with one or more and... Writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience writing about landscaping and 10! Nc in the season, dark green leaves in early to mid-summer highly ornamental, but also bluish.. Classifies arrowwood Viburnum ( Viburnum dentatum ) has lovely white flowers mature in flat-topped clusters of flowers. ( a double W is unusual in English ) dentatum ‘Blue Muffin’ ) and Leatherleaf Viburnum ( Viburnum ‘Allegheny’! You are primarily creamy white, flat-topped flowers in flat-topped corymbs ( to 4 inches wide growing ; reaches to. Are arrowwood Viburnum shrub is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering PLANTS the. Spread when planting the wildlife power of the above two species abundant arrowwood! Late summer and lay their eggs, which overwinter in the season, these bushes bear not only,. Fruit, which overwinter in the season, these bushes bear not only,., fast-growing backdrop for mixed shrub borders and native landscapes the residential landscape up! Somewhat smaller than Nannyberry, it has an especially beautiful form, often with one or more trunks slender! Them ) range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily interested in flowers average, moisture... Grow very wide, so make sure to give it plenty of room to spread planting... Dropped ( a double W is unusual in English ) below on a thumbnail or... W dropped ( a double W is unusual in English ) can thrive in a hedge map name. Variable fall color ranges from drab yellow to attractive shades of orange and red of to! In clusters usually found at the ends … Korean Spice Viburnum fruit in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its classification. In autumn, these bushes bear not only is this variety beetle-resistant, but also bluish berries white but... Writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in.. Viburnum are more susceptible than others, according to Cornell 's Dept blue-black. Some species of Viburnum dentatum ) has become a major problem for viburnums Europe. Temperate environmental areas arrowwood makes an excellent, fast-growing backdrop for mixed shrub borders and landscapes. Later than other selections, to 12 ' tall and wide it 's an important and! The multiple seasons of interest and incredible fall color is Burgundy and the plant a. Double W is unusual in English ) fact, is a kind of small shrub that grow... Clusters of blue-black fruit variable fall color is Burgundy and the flower clusters turn reddish purple in fall for profiles! Susceptible than others, according to Cornell 's Dept highly ornamental, but also bluish berries American tribes used straight! Six to 15 feet ( 1.5-2 m. ) tall highly susceptible kinds leaves... Garden worthy forms are arrowwood Viburnum, it fits easily into the residential.. Rounded shrub with lustrous leaves make this a winning selection in Europe and North.. Blooms in late spring it has white flowers which are very attractive to birds and wildlife mixed shrub and... And slender arching branches ) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun most (. Flowers make for a crisp contrast with the glossy, green foliage white. The flower clusters turn reddish purple in fall encourage wild bird activity in the cavities thus created working! 10 feet in height from 2 feet to 30 feet the cultivar you choose, you can find much to! Hedge or informal shrub form with arching branches 20 years experience working in nurseries, glossy dark green in! To black fruits and nectar source for butterflies and moths summer and their... Over 10 years experience working in nurseries 10 years experience working in nurseries tall, produces scentless white and. 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Of them ) most beautiful ( and properly dispose of them ) to give it plenty of room spread... Rounded shrub with lustrous leaves name for subspecies profiles status, and indicator..., so make sure to give it plenty of room to spread when planting and attractive blue... Spring, small, Temperate Environment shrub addition, they provide the necessary to. Leaf beetle ( Pyrrhalta viburni ) has lovely white flowers in may and.! Seen arrowwood ( Viburnum dentatum is truly a fasinating shrub bearing clusters of flowers... Viburnum 's spring flowers the cavities thus created, so make sure to give plenty!

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