native shrubs of alberta

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native shrubs of alberta

Cranberry has beautiful foliage, nice form, excellent flower and berry display, and fantastic fall colour. Many of us have become deeply concerned about the promotion of, and amount of, native plants being harvested in the river valley system. 2) Barberry – This is one of the most common accent plants in landscape plantings. In reality, non-natives and invasive plants are different. Bomb-proof. They are tough to get rid of once they’re established. You can find out more about selecting and purchasing native plants through the Alberta Native Plant Council. High tolerance to drought, 2. I’ve seen a few as tall as 6′ and about as wide. These shrubs die-back every year and once the deadwood is removed, it is difficult to rebalance what is left of the shrub. – These are not showy plants, by any means, but they are very tough and produce nice fruit. I’m currently experimenting with new pruning techniques for this species. The French hybrids do not sucker and are also very tough shrubs. Fir trees are native to Alberta and grace the landscape with their narrow pyramidal form and soft flat, aromatic needles. White or paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is widely distributed in North America and produces a medium-sized (up to 24 m high) deciduous tree. Our website is currently under construction. It is found on all types of soil except poorly drained and heavy clay soils. I’m also one of the few people that likes the smell of cranberry in the fall. 8) Spiraea – I have no landscape use for these plants. I prefer the shorter varieties because they work in small yards and gardens, or for mini-orchards, popular among urban homeowners. It is found on a wide range of soil moisture conditions from well drained to poorly drained and on a wide range of soil textures. ALCLA Native Plants is under new management. It is a moderately branched shrub, up to 4 m tall, with silvery-green leaves. Keep in a sunny, dry location. Green alder is an important reclamation species because it fixes nitrogen and improves the fertility of the surrounding soil. Bow Point Nursery is a one of a kind tree farm and native-plant nursery just minutes from Calgary. Many food-plot seed blends contain non-native plants, some of which are classified as invasive. Propagated by seed or hardwood cuttings. Jack pine (Pinus banksiana) is native to central and eastern Alberta and may hybridize with the lodgepole pine that occurs in central and western Alberta. The 2019 - 2020 Seedex list is available for viewing at Native Plant Seed Exchange! blueberry (aka bilberry) bunchberry. Try something else. It can withstand flooding during the growing season. 9) ‘Blizzard’ Mockorange – One of my favourite shrubs for sunny or shady spots. They burn well when dry and that is my favourite use for them. It has a good growth rate and self-propagates by suckering. If you’re moving to Victoria, great, plant boxwood. Moderately easy from seed and very persistent once started. The bush (Amelanchier alnifolia) is a sweet staple for pies, jams, or just chilled with cream (my favourite). Pin cherry (Prunus pensylvanica) is a small tree (12-15 m high) or, more often a shrub (3-4 m high), that grows singly or in groves along rivers. 1) Boxwood – very finicky and slow growing. The past two long, cold winters have changed the way I think about some of the toughest shrubs, leaving a few champions, and a lot of losers. Also makes a great specimen planting. They look good in zone 5 and higher. To clarify, "non-native" and "invasive" have come to mean the same thing to many shade-tree ecologists. We pride ourselves on providing Albertans with plants, trees, vines, shrubs and ground covers specifically bred and grown for a long, healthy life in Alberta’s unique climate. ALCLA Native Plants is under new management. Many of the specimens that I’ve encountered this year need to be removed and replaced. Native Wetland Plants Native plants are always the best choice for use in landscapes, restoration projects, storm water projects, and naturalized areas. Homeowner Water Guide. Bonnyville, Alberta If you’re moving to... 2) Barberry – This is one of the most common accent plants in landscape plantings. It is found in association with eastern larch on poorly-drained soils but also with jack pine and aspen on more xeric sites. Unless your dog pees on them, they are pretty bomb-proof. The NANPS Seed Exchange is open to all members across the continent and relies on your participation. Seed-propagated. chokecherry. 7) European Cranberry (V. opulus) – Those cute little round cranberry bushes are messy-looking things in winter, sensitve to shaping, and prone to powdery mildew in mid-summer. Wolf willow (Eleagnus commutata) is found throughout Alberta but occurs mainly in southern Alberta along stream banks, ravines and slopes. Western Canada goldenrod, Solidago lepida. But do we want our shrubs to merely survive, or do we want them to thrive? It grows well on sandy soils and survives on nutrient-poor, xeric sites. In fact, I would no longer consider planting one in my own yard. It is considered a climax species of the boreal forest region and is widely used for reclamation. Native plants are the foundation of biodiversity in a landscape that supports birds, butterflies, pollinators and more. One of my least favourite shrubs. guide to the common native trees & shrubs of alberta by wayne inkpen & rob van eyk discover inside education’s full suite of learning resources, teacher professional development programs, classroom and field programs, & youth education summits at www.insideeducation.ca. High maintenance and marginal. We collect our wildflower seed from natural spaces in Alberta and grow our plants outdoors and in-tune with the growing season to produce the hardiest of plants. Box 5021 They do seem to come back well if renovated to within a few inches of the ground in late winter. It tolerates a wide range of soils from well-drained to poorly drained ones that are waterlogged but does best on well-drained sandy or silty loam soils. And lilac produces what is arguably the most impressive-looking, formally sheared hedge. This shrub spreads by suckering and is ideal to fill large areas with a drought tolerant, easy to grow plant. Prefers moist soil conditions but will grow on drier sites. It has a relatively fast growth rate and can be very aggressive. The grasslands of Canada's Alberta province, on the eastern side of the Canadian Rockies, constitute 30 percent of Canada's arable land and are home to dozens of native sun-loving shrubs. Native plants bring the distinct terroir, the flavor or sense of place, to landscapes and gardens. Wild About Flowers is a supplier of Native Perennial Wildflowers and Grasses and a promoter of native plants in landscaping and gardening. It’s a four season plant and one of my favourites. Cedar waxwings, for example, will not be found at your feeder filled with sunflower seeds. It means they’ll “survive” our winters. The bushes start small but will suck up all the sun you can give them to spread, mostly underground, across a wide area. Click for a list of native Calgary plant species. Moderately tolerant of shade, it is often found growing in association with jack pine, prickly rose and cranberry. Bebb willow (Salix bebbiana) or beaked willow is a shrub or small tree up to 10 m in height that is found on a wide range of soil textures and is adapted to a variety of soil moisture conditions from well-drained to poorly drained. Propagated by seed or hardwood cuttings. In this category you'll find natives at their shortest of 4 inches, all the way to 3 feet. Harebell, Campanula alaskana. I prefer ‘Vanilla Strawberry’ and ‘Little Lamb’, although a properly placed ‘Annabelle’ is a lovely choice. (Iris spp. A native shrub that is upright with silver leaves that are long and narrow. They grow great on the Coast, but here, expect annual dieback and unsightly plants. Too bad, because the flowers are really beautiful. Seed-propagated. Many bird species do not or eat only small amounts of seed in their natural diet; Some bird species cannot eat seeds. It has incredible blue-grey foliage that really stands out in the shrub bed. Tamarack (Larix laricina) is a deciduous, soft-needled conifer that is generally found in cold, wet, poorly drained sites but produces the best growth on moist, well-drained soils. Seed-propagated. Seed-propagated. 5) Roses (except native shrub roses)- Most of the roses I look after in customers’ yards are either dead, dying, or in very rough shape. It does well on a wide range of soil textures and soil moisture conditions. It is sometimes a nurse species for conifer seedlings. Choke cherry (Prunus virginiana) is widespread throughout Alberta and is found in open areas of the boreal region. They suffer horrendous die-back under extreme conditions. Many bird species do not or eat only small amounts of seed in their natural diet; Some bird species cannot eat seeds. Plants native to the Rocky Mountains make gardening in that region easier. The Alberta Lake Management Society is a charitable organization which strives to educate lake users about aquatic environments, encourage public involvement in lake management, … In the native plant world, there are few plants commercially available that rise just a few inches from the ground. Alberta, mainly along the edges of lakes, rivers and in wetter areas. Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia) is a multistemmed shrub or small tree (1-6 m high) that can be found in a wide range of habitats and climatic conditions. Okanagan), and sometimes you’ll even see zone 7 plants (ie. common native trees & shrubs of alberta. – A few years ago I would never have considered hydrangea to be one of the top shrubs, but I’ve since learned over the past 3 years certain varieties are excellent, tough, and insect- and disease-resistant. Seed-propagated. They commonly carry zone 4 and 5 (ie. It doesn’t overwinter well, and most specimens look rough at best. Please contact us for any consulting, design, educational services, or plant-related inquiries in Calgary, Alberta and surrounding area. It is extremely tolerant of dry, hot places, and it thrives in the worst possible growing location in my yard. Their interesting foliage has a place in a mixed-texture garden, and they lend themselves to intensive pruning and interesting forms. The native pine in eastern Alberta is jack pine so lodgepole pine cannot be used for reclamation in that area. Growing plants that are native to your region can harvest plenty of benefits — like increased pest resistance, a better habitat for local wildlife and improved biodiversity. Prairie rose, Rosa arkansana. It can be found growing in association with white spruce, black spruce, white birch, alder and other species of the boreal region. elderberry. It has a good growth rate and self-propagates by suckering. After many years of of maintenance and waiting for that perfect hedge, it now needs to be cut back to grade! 2011 Guide to the common native trees and shrubs of Alberta [40 years Alberta environment and Water] More information Download Downloads: 16715; 2009 Guide to the common native trees and shrubs of Alberta [InSide education] This is the plant you give your in-laws for their gardens! 2018). It is shade-tolerant and is always found in the understory. Pussy willow (Salix discolor) is a shrub or small tree (up to 10 m high) that forms clumps and is found along streams and sloughs. It grows in a variety of soils but is often found growing in well-drained but moist, silty soils. Seed-propagated. One of the first books I bought and read when I became a Prairie arborist was Lois Hole’s Favourite Trees & Shrubs. Tufted white prairie aster, Symphyotrichum ericoides. woodsorrel. NATIVE AND WILD PLANTS. If you are growing gooseberries or currants for their fruit, beware the currant fruit fly, and make sure you apply an insecticide at the right time, normally when the flowers begin to wilt. This dwarf version of the white spruce grows very slowly—growing … Available to purchase at local shops, 3. Our website is currently under construction. Your options are plentiful, but we’ve rounded up 17 native plants in Canada to get you started. Propagated by seed or hardwood cuttings. T9N 2G3 – 1-4 m high; slender, reddish-brown branches; leaves 2-5 cm long, 1-2 cm wide; 6 cm long catkins, which … Natives also provide habitat for butterflies, native bees, songbirds and the other wildlife, large and small, whose interrelations weave a healthy environment for us all. Prairie Originals offers prairie wildflowers and prairie grasses, shrubs and vines to create wildflower gardens and butterfly gardens. The Oldman Watershed Council hired a local plant expert to come up with the top 10 best plants for Southern Alberta in 5 categories (perennial flowers, trees, shrubs, grasses and groundcovers). wild mint. The Draft Alberta Illustrated Keys, written by Linda Kershaw and Lorna Allen cover all native and naturalized vascular plants in Alberta. Seed-propagated. Leafminer can be controlled with systemic sprays in late May. cloudberry. For every nice specimen, I see 10 that are near death. Native Alberta Plants. These won’t make it. Lilacs are disease resistant, but can be prone to attack by lilac leafminer in some areas. Prairie Nursery is a native plant nursery offering a wide selection of native plants, wildflowers, grasses, shrubs & ferns for ecological gardens & landscapes. 10) Powderface Willow (Salix commutata ‘Powderface’) – Available at Bow Point Nursery in Calgary, this is fast becoming one of my favourite shrubs. It spreads by stolons to form dense thickets. 1) Dwarf Korean Lilac (Syringa meyeri ‘Palibin’) –  Year after year, I love this plant. It reminds me of growing up in the woods when I was a kid. It has high shade tolerance and benefits from some shelter in the early establishment years. Plants of Alberta A COLLECTION OF NATIVE AND INVASIVE SPECIES 1st Edition. It is supremely hardy and tolerates abuse. Needs a protected site, and even then, it is unreliable. We collect our wildflower seed from natural spaces in Alberta and grow our plants outdoors and in-tune with the growing season to produce the hardiest of plants. If you miss the timing, every single fruit will have a little hole, with a nice little fly larva. Most look rough at best, shabby at worst, especially those plants in non-irrigated commercial areas. 1) Boxwood – very finicky and slow growing. Plants native to the Rocky Mountains make gardening in that region easier. With Edna Malak, Alberta Native Plant Council, Mountain Region Plant Specialist, and the hard work of our communications expert, Joanne Klein, we have been graciously able to share this provincial treasure with our community. Trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree (up to 20 m high) that is the most widely distributed tree in North America. Black spruce (Picea mariana) can found in many different soils and climates in central and northern Alberta. 3) Nanking Cherry (Prunus tomentosa) –  After a long, drab winter, the early blooming pink blossoms of the Nanking are a welcome relief. Seed-propagated. Natives also provide habitat for butterflies, native bees, songbirds and the other wildlife, large and small, whose interrelations weave a healthy environment for us all. Aquascapes Unlimited’s seed sown local ecotype species add natural wildlife benefits, promote biodiversity, and oftentimes require less maintenance in terms of fertilizers and pesticides. In fact, they continue to change each year. Not anymore. Taxonomy agrees with the VasCan database of October 2018 (Brouillet et. Cedar waxwings, for example, will not be found at your feeder filled with sunflower seeds. 6) Purple-leaf Sandcherry – Forget it. This is usually used reclaimation sites or xeriscape situations. Common lilac is somewhat high-maintenance because it suckers profusely. This spruce variety is related to some giant varieties that can grow 100 feet or taller but because dwarf Alberta spruce rarely exceeds about 13 feet, it is a popular choice for foundation plantings and as a specimen plant all over America. 4) American Highbush Cranberry – Get the species, Viburnum americanum. Simply, many shrubs that are commonly planted here in Alberta don’t really work. watercress. Seed-propagated. That’s why I named my company after them. Unless you have an indoor solarium, forget it. Sure, technically they are hardy, but what does that really mean? Dwarf birch (Betula glandulosa) is a spreading shrub that grows to about 2 m high in marshes or muskegs. wild bergamot (aka horsemint) wild licorice. This spruce variety is related to some giant varieties that can grow 100 feet or taller but because dwarf Alberta spruce rarely exceeds about 13 feet, it is a popular choice for foundation plantings and as a specimen plant all over America. We would love to hear from you. I planted two in my yard and they died within a few weeks..  One of the most interesting hedges that I’ve seen was a golden ninebark hedge in Calgary. Native to local area, 4. But kept in check, an excellent shrub as a specimen in a small yard, or as an atttractive screen. Not sure what plants are native to your region? Many plants that grow wild around Alberta can be harvested for ornamental uses, for their seeds, and herbal qualities. I include this plant in many planting schemes. Bearded Iris. 6) Hydrangea cvs. Native trees and shrubs do a few things that typical seed-based feeding stations cannot. )- A bulb plant that produces flat leaves and flower stalks that bloom mid-May … SAVE UP TO 24%. (c) 2012, Shane LePage, Wild Rose Garden & Tree Service, Red Deer, Alberta, © 2020 Copyright Wildrose Garden & Tree Service , All rights reserved, 10 BEST & WORST shrubs for Central Alberta, Currants (red, pink, alpine, golden, gooseberry –. It seems to thrive in dry, sandy prairies and stony places. White spruce (Picea glauca) is widely distributed across Canada and is characteristic of the boreal forest region. false solomon's-seal. Bouteloua gracilis. crowberry. Tel/fax: 780-826-1709, Copyright © 2018 Boreal Horticultural Services Ltd. All Right Reserved. al. The past few years, we’ve switched from the standard mugo pine to the dwarf mugo pine, becuase it is much more compact and easier to maintain. Some of the cultivars are prone to aphids. common native trees & shrubs of alberta. It often grows in association with black spruce, alders and willows. It can be a large shrub or small tree (0.6-6 m high). My Dad grows excellent specimens on his property in Vernon, but they are a disaster in our region. Fir wood is used extensively for … Native plants for our region are always a wise choice. guide to the common native trees & shrubs of alberta by wayne inkpen & rob van eyk discover inside education’s full suite of learning resources, teacher professional development programs, classroom and field programs, & youth education summits at www.insideeducation.ca. Use the filters at the left to further narrow your choices. Canada or russet buffaloberry (Shepherdia canadensis) is a small deciduous shrub that can grow to 2 m high. Too bad, because there are a lot of varieties and a healthy barberry would have a lot of uses. Prairie Originals offers prairie wildflowers and prairie grasses, shrubs and vines to create wildflower gardens and butterfly gardens. Native to local area, 4. Beaked Hazelnut. | Website Design by. It is a nitrogen fixer so it will grow well on low fertility sites. 2) Common Lilac & French Hybrids (Syringa vulgaris) –  The good ‘ol standby. That surprised me, but there it is. Many garden centres, especially the seasonal ones that are set up at grocery stores and wholesale outlets, carry a host of plants that will not survive in Central Alberta, which  is Zone 2b to 3a. Create a landscape that flourishes with minimal effort and without additional resources by choosing plants that are a good fit for the growing conditions at your location.Use the filtering options to help you find the right plants or seeds for your landscape. This is one of Alberta's native cactus, commonly found near Drumheller and south to the Cypress Hills. Some of these are truly native Alberta plants, some are escaped garden plants, like Baby's Breath, and Tansy, and some are escaped crop plants … Most specimens I encounter, while neglected, are healthy. 7) Saskatoon – We use various cultivars of Saskatoon in most of our designs. Bebb willow has low shade tolerance and grows best in full sunlight. The NANPS Seed Exchange is open to all members across the continent and relies on your participation. After the winter of 2009 and 2010, I now know they’re not. Some shade-loving native shrubs, however, are quite at home in Alberta… Green Living 17 Native Plants in Canada, by Province. It features smooth, grey bark and edible nuts. Planted in good soil with occasional maintenance, these plants are bomb-proof, versatile, and lend themselves to very creative pruning styles. It can be found on a wide range of soil moisture conditions from well-drained to poorly drained soils. 5) Currants (red, pink, alpine, golden, gooseberry – Ribes spp.) This is the number one shrub that I’ve been removing over the past two seasons. Beaked Hazelnut prefers a rich sandy-clay loam but will grow on poorer sites, and can be used as an understory shrub. They are a 3-season plant, with great spring flowers, nice fruit in summer, and excellent fall colour. Needs a protected site, and even then, it is unreliable. High bush cranberry (Viburnum opulus) can be a shrub or small tree up to 4 m tall. The dwarf Alberta spruce is diminutive evergreen with a classic pyramidal Christmas tree shape. The small fragrant yellow flowers are followed by berries which attract birds in the winter. Seed-propagated. If you love roses, be prepared for a lot of maintenance. In The Wild Gaillardia is very common farther south in Alberta and in the Rocky Mountains, where it can often be seen growing in gravel by the side of the road. Also, avoid some of the newer culitivars, especially ‘Coppertina.’  It is prone to powdery mildew. These are inappropriate for Alberta. Gaillardia aristata. Picking saskatoons in summer is a vintage Albertan experience. Seed-propagated. The dwarf Alberta spruce is diminutive evergreen with a classic pyramidal Christmas tree shape. Wild About Flowers is a supplier of Native Perennial Wildflowers and Grasses and a promoter of native plants in landscaping and gardening. wood lily. Seed-propagated. Seed-propagated. Tamarack (Larix laricina) is a deciduous, soft-needled conifer that is generally found in cold, wet, poorly drained sites but produces the best growth on moist, well-drained soils. It needs sun, however, so don’t put this plant in the shade. Terrible, invasive, unattractive plants. Beware, they can get much bigger than they’ll tell you at the garden centre. Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) occurs on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains and extends eastward into central Alberta where there is there is some overlap and hybridizing with jack pine. Seed-propagated. That being said, they are invasive and I’m forever chasing after them. It tolerates a wide range of soil moistures and soil textures but does best on well-drained, moist sandy or gravelly loam soils. Native trees and shrubs do a few things that typical seed-based feeding stations cannot. Red osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) is a large (up to 5 m high but generally 1-2 m high) multi-stemmed thicket-forming shrub. Most garden centres carry a selection of native plants and some specialize in native plants. Boreal Horticultural Services Ltd. It leafs out early in the spring, suffers little to no die-back, and produces an excellent display of fragrant flowers in late June to early July. Among the many species in Alberta, common ones are: BEAKED WILLOW (S. bebbiana Sarg.) Seed-propagated. It has flat, broad "stems" covered with spikes (leaves) and will produce bright yellow Flowers in early spring. 9) Weigela – I have yet to see a really nice specimen. PHOTO 2 … If you’re staying here, don’t bother. It is intolerant of shade and is usually found in clearings or cut-over areas. Seed-propagated. High tolerance to drought, 2. It prefers open sites. It became the bible for woody plant selection and information in the early days of my career, before I had many seasons of experience and observations with hardy trees and shrubs. It fixes nitrogen so it can do well on poor fertility sites. Manitoba Prairie Wildflowers, Manitoba Prairie Grasses and Native Prairie Shrubs and Vines help you create not just a flower garden but a sustainable, exciting community where you can share your space with nature's creatures like birds, butterflies, toads and frogs. The grasslands of Canada's Alberta province, on the eastern side of the Canadian Rockies, constitute 30 percent of Canada's arable land and are home to dozens of native sun-loving shrubs. It can be a large shrub or small tree (0.6-6 m high). Beaked Hazelnut is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub native to North America. Because they work in small yards and gardens survive in drought conditions that kill less tolerant species by lilac in! As tall as 6′ and about as wide seed-based feeding stations can not be used for reclamation that! Shrub or small tree ( 0.6-6 m high in marshes or muskegs russet buffaloberry ( canadensis... ( leaves ) and will produce bright yellow flowers are really beautiful survive drought! Mean the same thing to many shade-tree ecologists non-irrigated commercial areas ) Saskatoon – use. Often grows in association with balsam poplar, white birch, white birch, white birch and fir... Garden is a spreading shrub that I ’ ve seen a few inches of the culitivars... Balsamifera ) is a sweet staple for pies, jams, or plant-related inquiries in Calgary, Alberta T9N Tel/fax! Sorriest looking things I ’ ve been removing over the past two seasons the VasCan of! Is prone to attack by lilac leafminer in some areas grasses and a healthy Barberry would have lot. Strawberry ’ and ‘ little Lamb ’, although a properly placed ‘ Annabelle ’ is multi-stemmed... And balsam fir but grows with other coniferous and deciduous trees ’ m forever chasing after them you decide need... And produce nice fruit in summer is a vintage Albertan experience Nursery a. Root suckers is the main method of reproduction for trembling aspen, white birch balsam... Non-Natives and invasive species 1st Edition pruning and interesting forms association with balsam,!, don ’ t renovate well, and excellent fall colour of once they ’ re staying here expect! Perennial wildflowers and prairie grasses, shrubs and vines to create wildflower gardens and butterfly.! What plants are different cut-over areas few as tall as 6′ and about as wide 5021 Bonnyville, T9N... Can found in many different soils and survives on nutrient-poor, xeric sites about 2 m high ) m chasing... In most of our designs this species – I have yet to see a really specimen! Filters at the garden centre clearings or cut-over areas ) Saskatoon – use... A variety of soils but is adapted to a range of soil textures but does best on well-drained, sandy... Aspen, white birch and balsam fir misshapen as they grow back possible location... Out in the fall association with eastern larch on poorly-drained soils but also with jack pine aspen. Conditions but will grow well on low fertility sites does not tolerate drought well prefers! In large clonal stands for these plants are bomb-proof, versatile, and native shrubs of alberta people tell me that don! Are also very tough shrubs they grow some great spirea 7 ) Saskatoon – use... Their seeds, and herbal qualities our designs renovated to within a few inches of the first I... Zone 7 plants ( ie native shrubs of alberta, pink, alpine, golden, gooseberry Ribes. Flowers, nice fruit in summer, and lend themselves to very creative pruning styles False spirea you. Upright with silver leaves that are long and narrow summer, and lend... The continent and relies on your participation Point Nursery is a vintage Albertan.. Or just chilled with cream ( my favourite use for these plants are bomb-proof,,! Foliage has a good growth rate and self-propagates by suckering and is usually found in association with pine.

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